Book Creator 検索

カスタム検索

2009年5月27日水曜日

Art Harbour Shimokitazawa
アート・ハーバー 下北沢: 1Q84(TBS)

Art Harbour Shimokitazawa<br>アート・ハーバー 下北沢: 1Q84(TBS)

2009年5月21日木曜日

持ち込み企画

企画の持ち込みに関して、日本の出版社の多くは、

【不作為犯】ふさくいはん

一定の作為を行わないことによって実現される罪。不退去罪のように、最初から不作為の形式による実行行為が明示されている場合と、殺人罪のように、作為の形式で規定しているが不作為によっても実現される場合(母親が乳児を殺す目的で授乳しないことなど)がある。


【不作為】ふさくい

[法]行為の一種で、あえて積極的な行動をしないこと。失火を放置する、退去しないなどがその例。
だと考えられます。

これはこれで、仕方がないと考えています。

持ち込み企画という仕事の仕方は、日本の出版社相手では、成立しないと思っています。


Book Creator Aoyagi YoSuKe


その原因は?

閉鎖的なムラ社会、閉鎖的な商習慣にあると考えられます。

以上

2009年5月18日月曜日

大地



ノーベル賞受賞者
受賞年: 1938年
受賞部門: ノーベル文学賞

---Wikipedia

パール・サイデンストリッカー・バック(Pearl Sydenstricker Buck, 1892年6月26日 - 1973年3月6日)はアメリカの女流小説家である。宣教師の両親と中国(中華民国)に渡り、そこで育つ。処女作『東の風・西の風』に続き、代表作『大地』を発表してピュリッツァー賞を受賞。『息子たち』『分裂せる家』とともに三部作『大地の家』を構成。ノーベル文学賞受賞者でもある。

パール・コンフォート・サイデンストリッカー(Pearl Comfort Sydenstricker)としてウェスト・バージニア州ヒルスボロで生まれたが、生後3ヶ月で父カリー・サイデンストリッカーとともに中国江蘇省の鎮江に渡った。英語よりも中国語を先に覚えた。中国名:賽珍珠(サィ・チンシュ)。1917年、帰国してランドルフ・マコン女子大学に入学、1924年に卒業し母校で心理学の講師をしていたが、母の病気の知らせを受けて中国に戻った。1917年、農業経済学者のジョン・ロッシング・バックと結婚し一時南京大学、南東大学で英文学を講義する。1926年、一時帰国してコーネル大学で修士号を取得した。1932年、ニューヨークの講演が原因で長老派伝道委員から非難され宣教師の地位を辞した。1938年のノーベル文学賞受賞は、スウェーデンの探検家・学者スヴェン・ヘディンの推薦によるものである。

小説やノンフィクションの他に、児童書や絵本も執筆した。

また7人の孤児を養子として自らの手で育てたり、谷本清の広島における平和活動への支援もおこなった。



加えて、すごそうな本が出てきた・・・

大地の文学―増補 賢治・幾多郎・大拙 (単行本)

小野寺 功 (著)

商品の説明

内容(「BOOK」データベースより)
詩作と思索の幸福な出会い。賢治「大地の文学」、幾多郎「大地の哲学」、大拙「大地の宗教」が切り結ぶとき、アニミズムを超えた「存在詩」が立ち現れる!新論考「賢治の霊性文学」を加えた増補決定版。

内容(「MARC」データベースより)
宮沢賢治「大地の文学」、西田幾多郎「大地の哲学」、鈴木大拙「大地の宗教」が切り結ぶとき、アニミズムを超えた「存在詩」が立ち現れる! 新論考「賢治の霊性文学」を加えた01年刊「賢治・幾多郎・大拙」の改題増補改訂。

登録情報
単行本: 324ページ
出版社: 春風社; 増補版版 (2004/10)
ISBN-10: 4861100194
ISBN-13: 978-4861100192
発売日: 2004/10
商品の寸法: 19.2 x 13.6 x 3.2 cm

A Big Plan

Hi, Sunshine

I have a big plan - Trilogy

S: Sunshine's
M: Margaret's
D: Dolphin's

Code Name: TSMD

This plan is one chance.

I plan to translate these 3 into Japanese and publish them in Japan.


By the way, how is your book?

Margaret's

http://www.amazon.co.uk/Margarettown-Gabrielle-Zevin/dp/1401359965/ref=sr_1_3?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1242601554&sr=1-3

Dolphin's

http://www.amazon.co.uk/Touch-Wild-Dolphin-Rachel-Smolker/dp/0285636103/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1242601503&sr=1-2


Creator Aoyagi YoSuKe

2009年5月15日金曜日

仕事の〆

プロジェクトDと、プロジェクトMを並行して行っていた。

プロジェクトDは、終了した。

以下が報告です。

プロジェクトMに関しても、無責任な状態になっているので、仲買人に、最終確認のための問い合わせをする。

○プロジェクトD

1.B社への確認事項は?

昨年末に依頼した企画に対して、打ち合わせを先送りにしている理由は?

本件に関しては、当方の結論は出ている。

仕事にならないので(当方から依頼した打ち合わせが、半年間で一度も成立しない)、B社とは契約しない。


先方の担当者が、本企画がすでに流れたと、勝手に判断した。


本企画が流れていなかったことは、明らかである。打診のメールなどを送っていたので・・・


そういう観点から、B社の仕事のやり方は大きな問題がある。


よって、当方から、企画打ち切りの通知と、原稿や個人情報などの廃棄を依頼した。


以上


2.R社への確認事項は?

先方からの情報では、企画の提出後、待ち時間は最大で3ヶ月であるが・・・

1.企画の可否の確認

2.企画の評価結果の説明

編集部部長(おそらく、責任者)の直筆入りで、不採用通知が送られてきた。よって、R社の仕事のやり方は問題ない。かいつまんで、その内容を書くと、

「興味深く書かれていると存じます。ただ、やはり、一般書として出すにふさわしく、弊社ではうまく商品として販売していくことが難しいと判断しました」

問題なし・・・



アクセスした出版社など)

NHK出版、NTT出版は、学閥などによる族の支配。そして、親方日の丸・・・

有名出版社は、慇懃無礼、厚顔無恥・・・

弱小出版社は、金がないので、マネーベースでしか動けない・・・

当方が望む回答は?

1.企画の可否の確認

2.企画の評価結果の説明

だけですが・・・

今まで(5年間)、まともな回答をもらったことはない。

責任をもって、仕事をしていない。最低~~~



注) 「一事が万事」 - ニッポン村の黄金律

他の業界でも大差なし・・・


参考)

5年間で、まともな対応をしてくれた出版社は3社のみ・・・

東京のK舎(編集長)、R社(編集部部長)、京都のM書房(担当者)

いずれも、不採用でしたが・・・


そのうちのコネなしは?

K舎と、M書房のみ・・・

他は、コネがらみであれば、少しはまともな対応をしてくれることもある。

大手出版社の部長のコネ、翻訳学校のコネ




--
Aoyagi YoSuKe - Art Harbour

Main Bank: Mizuho Bank, Ltd. Kitazawa branch

Partnership: Google, Inc. AdSense program / Amazon.co.jp Associate program

http://artharbour-gaia.blogspot.com
(The Gaia Art Harbour)

http://artharbour-gaia.blogspot.com/2007/06/gaia-art-harbour-web.html
( About Art Harbour)

9.11 2008 is 1.1 2001 in Ethiopian Calendar

投稿者 AO 時刻: 5/15/2009 03:44:00 午後 0 コメント

ラベル: AO, ART HARBOUR, お知らせ

Book Creator

Book -> Fiction/Nonfiction

Movie -> Scenario

Music -> Lyric/Poem/Epic


Aoyagi YoSuKe

Book Creator


E-Mail: ayosuke.bc@gmail.com

ノルウェイの森

20年越しで、映画化が決まったようだ。


『ノルウェイの森』に対比して、"Margarettown"がある・・・


ノルウェイの森が若者の話なら、Margarettownは、大人の話である・・・


Aoyagi YoSuKe

2009年5月2日土曜日

Harry Potter

Harry Potterはまったく読んでいないが、

The Tales Of Beedle The Bard

英語版をざ~~~っと、読んだ。


Harry Potterの基本的な構造は?



Foolish King <-> Queendom



Charlaran(e.g. Politician) <-> Wizard(Children) -> A super-Wizard is "Harry Potter"



Ordinary People(Adults, e.g. Washerwoman)



Beeddle the Bard(吟遊詩人、A looker-on) -> J.K.Rowling


じゃないのかな?


Book Creator Aoyagi YoSuKe


ハリーポッターの出版時期を見ると、Foolish Kingの例は?

ブレア首相、ブッシュ大統領、小泉首相などなのでは?

吟遊詩人、ビードルさん?

どうなの?

笑い


ニッポンのQueendomは? 天照大神?

雅子妃(スサノオ、皇太子)、プリンセス愛子

なのかな?

良く分らんが~~~、笑い



大英帝国には?

ダイアナ妃がいたが・・・

パパラッチCharlaran(e.g. Politician)がバカなことをするから、事故・・・

合掌


東京オリンピックの支持率?

雅子妃が元気になったら、上がるよ!

アマテラスは、お隠れになっていた・・・

笑い


根拠は?

エコ的オリンピック、つまり、ソーラーシステム化、つまり、アマテラス



日本は?

象徴天皇制、アマテラスがカギ


フランスは?

共和国、つまり、ジャンヌ・ダルクがカギ


大英帝国は?

国家体制は国王を国家元首とし、議院内閣制に基づく立憲君主制である。

クイーン・エリザベスがカギ・・・


アメリカは?

すでに、リセット、チェンジした・・・

ミシェル夫人、つまり、大天使ミカエル・・・ その脇に、ハイブリッド・オバマ大統領・・・

問題なし~~~


ロシアは?

ビミョーだが・・・

プーチン首相 - ティモシェンコ姫(ウクライナ)

ガス繋がり(すなわち、ガスプロムのメドベージェフ大統領・・・)

プーチン首相の娘二人は?

サンクトペテルブルク大学で、それぞれ、日本学と土壌微生物学を専攻した・・・


中国は?

胡錦濤国家主席+温家宝首相 - 姜 報道官?

香港ではミリオネアの男女比が逆転した(男49%、女51%、2006年)

中国的共産主義が機能し始めたのでは?


ドイツは?

メルケル首相(旧東ドイツ出身) - プーチン首相(東ドイツで、15年間KGBの特派員を行った)

問題ないんじゃないの?

この間、ハイブリッド風力発電システムの実験施設で、にっこり笑っていたけど・・・



歴史と伝統が、現代に蘇る・・・


アマテラス+スサノオ、ジャンヌ・ダルク(サルトル+ボーヴォワール)、毛沢東+江青・・・

こんな感じで、男女共同参画社会ができつつあるのでは?


追伸)

プーチン首相は、武士道もわきまえている。ご存じの通り、柔道家である。

講道館の6段昇格の政治的おべっかを、蹴飛ばして、自身の力で、6段を取る。

談合・講道館の負け~~~


だから、言っているでしょ・・・

フェアプレイ、フェアポリティクス、フェアトレード

オープン、フェア、オネスト


グローバル・スタンダードです。

主義主張や、宗教が異なっても、インチキはダメ・・・

エコシステムと反するから・・・


自力本願こそ、エコシステムの基本です、原則です。


浄土真宗の他力本願を誤解してはならない。


一切念仏。自身で、念仏を唱えよ - 親鸞


仏教の教祖、お釈迦さま

「釈迦の辻説法」

理解してね? 道端で、知らない人にでも、説法をするのです。


日本人の多くは、神道や、仏教などを融合して、信仰している。


神道と、仏教の融合は?

「神仏習合」

と呼びます。

Asha - Nigeria

ジェイラー 4:08 Asa [アシャ] Asa [asha:アシャ] World 4

360° 3:33 Asa [アシャ] Asa [asha:アシャ] World 4

ビバンケ 4:15 Asa [アシャ] Asa [asha:アシャ] World 4

サブウェイ 4:43 Asa [アシャ] Asa [asha:アシャ] World 3

ファイアー・オン・ザ・マウンテン 4:40 Asa [アシャ] Asa [asha:アシャ] World 3

アイ・アダバ 5:15 Asa [アシャ] Asa [asha:アシャ] World 3

ノー・ワン・ノウズ 3:34 Asa [アシャ] Asa [asha:アシャ] World 3

アウェ 5:15 Asa [アシャ] Asa [asha:アシャ] World 3

ピース 3:09 Asa [アシャ] Asa [asha:アシャ] World 2

ソー ビューティフル 5:00 Asa [アシャ] Asa [asha:アシャ] World 2

イバ 3:42 Asa [アシャ] Asa [asha:アシャ] World 2

ビヨンセ - NY

If I Were A Boy 4:10 Beyoncé I Am...Sasha Fierce [Disc 1] Pop 30

Halo 4:22 Beyoncé I Am...Sasha Fierce [Disc 1] Pop 30

Disappear 4:29 Beyoncé I Am...Sasha Fierce [Disc 1] Pop 30

Broken-Hearted Girl 4:39 Beyoncé I Am...Sasha Fierce [Disc 1] Pop 30

Ave Maria 3:42 Beyoncé I Am...Sasha Fierce [Disc 1] Pop 30

Satellites 3:07 Beyoncé I Am...Sasha Fierce [Disc 1] Pop 30

Single Ladies (Put A Ring On It) 3:13 Beyoncé I Am...Sasha Fierce [Disc 2] Pop 29

Radio 3:39 Beyoncé I Am...Sasha Fierce [Disc 2] Pop 29

Diva 3:21 Beyoncé I Am...Sasha Fierce [Disc 2] Pop 27

Sweet Dreams 3:28 Beyoncé I Am...Sasha Fierce [Disc 2] Pop 26

Video Phone 3:35 Beyoncé I Am...Sasha Fierce [Disc 2] Pop 24

シャンソン

あんたがねてるとき Quand tu dors 2:39 Edith Piaf Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1

ウタ Chanson 1:16 Yves Montand Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1

キスして Embrasse-moi 3:03 Juliette Gréco Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1

そして祭りは続く Et la fete continue 1:35 Serge Reggiani Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1

ニ匹の蝸牛葬式に出かける Deux escargots s'en vont a l'enterrement 2:56 Lys Gauty Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1

ノックしてる On frappe 0:37 Catherine Sauvage Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1

バルバラ Barbara 3:49 Yves Montand Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1

ひまわり Tournesol 1:56 Yves Montand Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1

ブロードウェイの靴磨き Les cireurs de souliers de Broadway 3:42 Yves Montand Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1


愛しあう子どもたち Chanson pour les enfants qui s'aiment 3:23 Juliette Gréco Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1

一生が首飾りなら Quand la vie est un collier 2:39 Lio Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1

夏だった C' etait l' ete 2:16 Lio Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1

割れた鏡 Le miroir brise 1:33 Yves Montand Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1

枯葉(イヴ・モンタン) Les feuilles mortes 3:19 Yves Montand Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1

枯葉(コラ・ヴォーケール) Les feuilles mortes 3:05 Cora Vaucaire Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1

五月の歌 Chanson du mois de mal (boite a musique) 1:16 Fabien Loris Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1

校門を出たら En Sortant de l'ecole 2:43 Yves Montand Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1

子どものための歌 冬 Chanson pour les enfants l'hiver 1:24 Les Freres Jacques Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1

私は私 このまんまなの Je Suis Comme Je Suis 3:00 Juliette Gréco Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1

書き取り Page d'ecriture 2:37 Les Freres Jacques Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1

心の叫び Cri du cceur 2:41 Edith Piaf Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1

雪掻き人夫のクリスマス Noels des rammasseurs de neige 3:03 Catherine Sauvage Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1

昼も夜も Le jour et la nuit 0:36 François Le Roux Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1

昼間通りと天国通りの街角で Au coin de la rue du Jour 3:11 Lio Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1

魔性 驚異 Demons et merveilles 1:46 Michele Arnaud Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1

恋歌 La romance 3:20 Zette Je Suis Comme Je Suis ~ Les Chansons de Jacques Prevert Pop 1

大まかな意識の流れ - Soul Searching

---アート&サイエンス系

        アリストテレス

       ソクラテス=プラトン

    ダンテ?!?ミルトン?!?ホメロス

      コペルニクス=ガリレオ

       ニュートン=デカルト

      ルソー?!?モンテスキュー

  ノストラダムス?!?メヴラーナ

        ダーウィン

ケインズ     ウルフ   マルクス

          ゴーギャン

          ピカソ

          岡本太郎

フロイト      ?!?   ユング

アインシュタイン ?!?   パウリ

ガルブレイス   ?!?   ナッシュ


チャップリン   ゴダール  キューブリック

         宮沢賢治

      芥川龍之介=太宰治

吉行淳之介   村上春樹   三島由紀夫

柳美里     小川洋子   よしもとばなな


        Prevert


G.Z.     J.K.Rowling   S.L.


---宗教系

エジプト・メソポタミア文明 ・・・ ユダヤ -> キリスト -> イスラム - ヨーロッパ、中近東、アフリカ、アメリカ、オセアニア、、、

ガンジス・インダス文明 ・・・ ヒンドゥ -> ブディズム - アジア、、、

黄河・長江文明 ・・・ 老荘、孔孟、諸子百家 - 中国、韓国、日本、、、

自然信仰 ・・・ シャマニズム - アフリカ、オセアニア、アメリカ、シベリア、日本、、、


---大統一場

大統一場経済理論

人口比で考える・・・ 一人頭、人権=1(機会均等の下)

資本主義経済(ケインズ/ダーウィン)、共産主義・社会主義経済(マルクス)、イスラム経済(ムハンマド)

現時点で、各要素の比が

3:2:1

これが、大統一場経済理論の黄金比です・・・

せかいのみなさん、よろしく、笑い


青柳洋介


追伸:

大まかな意識の流れが、詩や文学や音楽などの現象として現われる・・・

The Tales Of Beedle The Bard

J.K.Rowling

Introduction

1. The Wizard And The Hopping Pot

2. The Fountain Of Fair Fortune

3. The Warlock's Hairy Heart

4. Babbitty Rabbitty And her Cackling Stump

5. The Tale Of The Three Brothers


A Personal Message from Baroness Nicholson Of Winterbourne MEP

Book Creator Aoyagi YoSuKe

P.S.

歌手のオリジンは、吟遊詩人じゃないかと思っている。

Hogwarts

ハリーポッターの魔法学校


4つのハウスの特徴

Godric Gryffindor : 勇気、大胆、気力、騎士道

Helga Hufflepuff :勤勉、忠誠、忍耐、フェアプレイ

Rowena Ravenclaw :知性、創造力、機知、叡智

Salazar Slytherin :野心、巧妙、富


Gryffindor values courage, daring, nerve and chivalry. Its mascot is the lion, and its colours are scarlet and gold.

Hufflepuff, founded by Helga Hufflepuff, values hard work, loyalty, tolerance, and fair play. The house mascot is the badger, and canary yellow and black are its colours.

Ravenclaw values intelligence, creativity, wit, and wisdom. "Wit beyond measure is man's greatest treasure" is an oft-repeated Ravenclaw proverb.[HP5][HP7] The house mascot is an eagle, the house colours are blue and bronze (changed to blue and silver in the films).

Slytherin house values ambition, cunning, and resourcefulness. The book also suggests that the hunger for power is a characteristic of Slytherins. The animal representing Slytherin is the serpent, and the house colours are green and silver.


必須科目科目(5年間)

1.Transfiguration(変容)

2.Defence Against the Dark Arts(黒魔術防御)

3.Charms(まじない)

4.Portions(魔法化学)

5.Astronomy(天文学)

6.History Of Magic(魔法の歴史)

7.Herbology(ハーブ学)

選択科目(3年目から、2科目以上)

8.Arithmacy(算数)

9.Ancient Runes(古代ルーン文字) 古代ゲルマン人の文字

10.Divination(予知)

11.Care Of Magical Creature(魔法の生き物の世話)

12.Muggle Studies(一般教養)

Throughout the series, numerous lessons are described, instructing the students in various branches of magic. There are twelve named teachers (each referred to as Professor), each specialising in a single subject. Transfiguration, Defence Against the Dark Arts, Charms, Potions, Astronomy, History of Magic, and Herbology are compulsory subjects for the first five years. At the end of their second year, students are required to add at least two optative subjects to their syllabus for the start of the third year. The five choices available are Arithmancy, Ancient Runes, Divination, Care of Magical Creatures, and Muggle Studies.


---Wikipedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry

Harry Potter school

Hogwarts as depicted in the Harry Potter film series
Motto Latin: Draco Dormiens Nunquam Titillandus
("Never Tickle a Sleeping Dragon")
Established c.10th century
Head Albus Dumbledore [HP1] – [HP6]
Minerva McGonagall [HP2]
Dolores Umbridge [HP5]
Severus Snape [HP7] Armando Dippet pre-[HP1]
Enrolment Children with magical abilities may be enroled at birth and acceptance is confirmed by mail at age eleven.[1]
First appearance Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry is a setting in J. K. Rowling's best-selling Harry Potter series. In the series, it is a school of magic for witches and wizards between the ages of eleven and eighteen living in the United Kingdom and Ireland.[2] Six of the seven books in the series are largely set at the school, with each book lasting the equivalent of one school year. In Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, most of the book is set outside Hogwarts as main characters Harry Potter, Ron Weasley, and Hermione Granger do not attend their final year of school (though Rowling has stated that Hermione eventually does return to school to complete her N.E.W.T. examinations).[3] The climactic battle of the book, and the series, however, is set at Hogwarts.
Rowling has suggested that she may have inadvertently taken the name from the hogwort plant (Croton capitatus), which she had seen at Kew Gardens some time before writing the Harry Potter series.[4][5] Hogwarts school was voted as the 36th best Scottish educational establishment in an online ranking, outranking Edinburgh's Loretto School.[6]


School location and information



A hand drawn map of Hogwarts by J. K. Rowling.
J. K. Rowling says she visualises Hogwarts, in its entirety, to be:[1]
A huge, rambling, quite scary-looking castle, with a jumble of towers and battlements. Like the Weasley's house, it isn't a building that Muggles could build, because it is supported by magic.
In the novels, Hogwarts is located somewhere in Scotland.[7][8] The school has numerous charms and spells on and around it that make it impossible for any Muggle (i.e. non-magical person) to locate it — they can't see the school, only ruins and several warnings of danger.[GF Ch.11] The castle has extensive grounds with sloping lawns, flowerbeds and vegetable patches, a loch, (called the Black Lake in the fourth film), a large dense forest (called the Forbidden Forest), a number of greenhouses and other outbuildings, and a full-size Quidditch pitch. There is also an owlery, which houses all of the owls owned by the school and those owned by students. It should be noted that some rooms in the school tend to "move around," and so do the stairs in the grand staircase.[9] Witches and wizards cannot Apparate or Disapparate in Hogwarts grounds, except when the Headmaster lifts the enchantment, though he or she is able to lift the restriction in certain areas only, so as to make the school less vulnerable when it serves the headmaster to allow Apparition.[GF Ch.28] Computers, televisions and other electronic devices, as well as electricity, are not to be found at Hogwarts. In Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Hermione indicates that due to the high levels of magic, "substitutes for magic (that) Muggles use" such as computers, radar and electricity "go haywire" around Hogwarts. Radios however, make an exception. Rowling explains this by saying that the radios are not powered by electricity and are powered by magic.
While Hogwarts is a total institution, its status is not discussed in great detail in the novels, but it is known to be a coeducational, secondary boarding school, taking children from ages eleven to eighteen. Education at Hogwarts is not compulsory, with some students being home schooled as stated in the seventh book. Rowling initially said there are about one thousand students at Hogwarts;[10] She later suggested around six hundred, while acknowledging that this number was still inconsistent with the small number of people in Harry's year. She further explained that this had resulted from her creating only 40 characters for Harry's year.[11]
The Headmaster or Headmistress, assisted by a Deputy Headmaster or Headmistress, undertakes management of the school. The Head is answerable to the twelve-member Board of Governors.
It is unclear how Hogwarts is funded; it is insinuated that the families pay for the students at least partially (when said families are able). In Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince Tom Riddle says that he cannot afford to go to Hogwarts, to which Albus Dumbledore replies, "There is a fund at Hogwarts for those who require assistance to buy books and robes," as students are required to purchase their own textbooks, uniform, and other supplies. The Ministry of Magic's efforts to take control of the school in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix imply that it is a publicly funded school, though no mention of where the Ministry receives its funds is made.
Rowling has said that Hogwarts is "a multifaith school".[12]
[edit]Enrolment

A magical quill at Hogwarts detects the birth of wizard children and writes their names into a large parchment book.[13] Every year, a teacher checks this book and sends a letter to the children who will have turned eleven years old by 31 August. Acceptance or declination of a place at Hogwarts must be posted by 31 July. The letter also contains a list of supplies like spell books, uniform, and other things that the student will need. The prospective student is expected to buy all the necessary materials, normally from shops in Diagon Alley, a concealed street near Charing Cross Road in London found behind a pub by the name of The Leaky Cauldron. Students who cannot afford their supplies can receive financial aid from the school, as was the case with the young orphan Tom Riddle.
Letters to Muggle-born witches and wizards, who may not be aware of their powers and are unfamiliar with the concealed wizarding world, are delivered in person by a member of Hogwarts staff, who then explains to the parents/guardians about magical society, and reassures them regarding this news.[HP7] They also assist the family in regards to buying supplies and gaining access to Diagon Alley.
Each student is allowed to bring a cat, toad, rat or owl. First year students require equipment for their different subjects. Equipment listed in the acceptance letter includes a wand, a standard size 2 pewter cauldron, a set of brass scales, a set of glass or crystal phials, a kit of basic potion ingredients (for Potions), and a telescope (for Astronomy). The Hogwarts uniform consists of plain work robes in black, as well as a plain black hat, a pair of protective gloves, and a black winter cloak with silver fastenings. Most students buy their cloaks from Madam Malkin's shop, in Diagon Alley. Each uniform must contain the wearer's nametag. First years are not allowed a broomstick of their own, though an exception to this rule is made for Harry in his first year after it is discovered that he has an excellent ability as a Seeker in Quidditch.
[edit]Arrival

Students can travel to Hogwarts and the neighbouring all-magical village of Hogsmeade in many ways. One such method is the Hogwarts Express that students take at the start of each school year in the books. Harry and Ron arrived by flying the Weasley family's car, a Ford Anglia, in their second year after missing the train.[HP2] Other methods of travel include broomsticks, Thestrals, and a one-time connection to the Floo Network. Students travelling by Hogwarts Express must first travel to King's Cross station in London to board the Hogwarts Express from Platform 9¾. After a journey beginning at 11:00 am and ending after nightfall, the train arrives at Hogsmeade Station, near Hogwarts.
From there, first year students are accompanied by the Keeper of the Keys and Grounds – or another suitable teacher if he is absent – to small boats, which magically sail themselves across the lake that get them near the entrance of Hogwarts. The older students ride up to the castle in carriages pulled by creatures called Thestrals. When the first year students initially arrive at the castle, they wait in a small chamber off the entrance hall until the older students have taken their seats in the Great Hall, then enter the Great Hall for the Sorting Ceremony to determine their House assignments. As Minerva McGonagall said in Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone,
“ The Sorting is a very important ceremony because, while you are here, your House will be something like your family within Hogwarts. You will have classes with the rest of your House, sleep in your House dormitory, and spend free time in your House common room. ”
After the Sorting Hat sings its song, one by one, each student is seated upon the stool in front of the rest of the student body. The Hat is placed on the student's head, whereupon it examines his/her mind and assigns him/her to one of the four Houses based on abilities, personality, and preferences. After the Sorting Ceremony, the students and teachers enjoy a feast, prepared by the Hogwarts house-elves. If Dumbledore is feeling particularly cheerful, he will lead the students in singing the school song.[14]
[edit]Houses



The crest of Hogwarts shows each house's mascot and House colours. Clockwise from top right: the Gryffindor lion, the Slytherin serpent, the Ravenclaw eagle, and the Hufflepuff badger.
Hogwarts is divided into four houses, each bearing the last name of its founder: Godric Gryffindor, Salazar Slytherin, Rowena Ravenclaw and Helga Hufflepuff. The houses compete throughout the school year, by earning and losing points for various events, for the House Cup. Each house also has its own Quidditch team that competes for the Quidditch Cup. These two competitions breed rivalries between the houses. Houses at Hogwarts are the living and learning communities for their students. Each house is under the authority of one of the Hogwarts staff members. The Heads of the houses, as they are called, are in charge of giving their students important information, dealing with matters of severe punishment, and responding to emergencies in their houses, among other things. Each year, year level groups of every separate house share the same dormitory and classes. The dormitory and common room of a House are, barring rare exceptions, inaccessible to students belonging to other Houses.
In the early day of Hogwarts, the four founders handpicked students for their Houses. When the founders worried how students would be selected after their deaths, Godric Gryffindor took his hat off and they each added knowledge to it, allowing the Sorting Hat to choose the students by judging each student's qualities and placing them in the most appropriate house. The student's own choices may affect the decision: the clearest example is the Hat telling Harry that he would do well in Slytherin in the first book, but ultimately selecting Gryffindor after Harry asks it not to put him in Slytherin.
The translators of the books’ foreign editions had difficulty translating the "house" concept; in countries where this boarding system does not exist, no word could adequately convey the importance of belonging to a certain house, the loyalty owed to it, and the pride taken in prizes won by the house.[15]
[edit]Gryffindor

Gryffindor values courage, daring, nerve and chivalry. Its mascot is the lion, and its colours are scarlet and gold. The Head of this house is the Transfiguration teacher, Minerva McGonagall, and the house ghost is Nearly Headless Nick. According to Rowling, Gryffindor corresponds roughly to the element of fire. The founder of the house is Godric Gryffindor.
Though Gryffindor is the house of most of the major protagonists, not all Gryffindors fall into that category. Cormac McLaggen is the negative qualities of Gryffindor personified; he is ill-tempered and pushy. Romilda Vane is underhanded and displays a deceptive and devious nature by trying unsuccessfully to ply Harry with a love potion. On the Hogwarts Express, she is somewhat condescending towards Neville Longbottom and Luna Lovegood. However, both McLaggen and Vane certainly are bold, and show confidence, two very Gryffindor qualities, and were therefore sorted into the house. Death Eater Peter Pettigrew also went into this house.
The Gryffindor common room is located in one of the castle's highest towers, the entrance to which is located on the seventh floor in the east wing of the castle and is guarded by a painting of The Fat Lady, who is garbed in a pink dress. She permits entry only after being given the correct password.
[edit]Hufflepuff

Hufflepuff, founded by Helga Hufflepuff, values hard work, loyalty, tolerance, and fair play. The house mascot is the badger, and canary yellow and black are its colours. The Head of this house is the Herbology teacher Pomona Sprout, and the house ghost is The Fat Friar. According to Rowling, Hufflepuff corresponds roughly to the element of earth. The Hufflepuff dormitories and common room are located somewhere in the basement, their entrance found through a still-life painting that is somewhere near the kitchens. Students must give a password to the painting to enter. The Hufflepuff common room is filled with yellow hangings and fat armchairs and it has little underground tunnels leading to the dormitories, all of which have perfectly round doors, like barrel tops (very much like a badger sett).[16]
[edit]Ravenclaw

Ravenclaw values intelligence, creativity, wit, and wisdom. "Wit beyond measure is man's greatest treasure" is an oft-repeated Ravenclaw proverb.[HP5][HP7] The house mascot is an eagle, the house colours are blue and bronze (changed to blue and silver in the films). The head of this house is the Charms professor, Filius Flitwick, and the house ghost is The Grey Lady. According to Rowling, Ravenclaw corresponds roughly to the element of air. The founder of this house is Rowena Ravenclaw.
The dormitories are located in Ravenclaw Tower on the west side of the school. The common room, which went undescribed in the series until the climax of Deathly Hallows, is round and filled with blue hangings and fat armchairs, has a domed ceiling painted with stars, and also features a replica statue of Rowena Ravenclaw wearing her diadem. Harry also notes that, by day, the Ravenclaws "would have a spectacular view of the surrounding mountains." A logical riddle must be solved in order to gain entry, whereas the Gryffindor, Hufflepuff and Slytherin common rooms only require a password.
[edit]Slytherin


Slytherin house values ambition, cunning, and resourcefulness. The book also suggests that the hunger for power is a characteristic of Slytherins. The animal representing Slytherin is the serpent, and the house colours are green and silver. The Head of this house is Severus Snape in the first five books and most of the sixth book. At the end of the sixth book and in the seventh book, the old Potions master and previous Head of House who has come out of retirement, Horace Slughorn, reassumes authority of the house. The ghost of Slytherin house is The Bloody Baron. According to Rowling, Slytherin corresponds roughly to the element of water.[17] The Slytherin dormitories and common room are reached through a bare stone wall in the dungeons. The Slytherin common room is a long, low, dungeon-style room, located under the Hogwarts Lake, furnished with green lamps and carved armchairs.
Harry developed a negative view of Slytherin and asked the Sorting Hat not to place him in that house because of its sinister reputation. Rubeus Hagrid told him, "There isn't a witch or wizard who went bad who wasn't in Slytherin." This seems to be an exaggeration on Hagrid's part, as at the time, he believed that Sirius Black, a Gryffindor, was a Death Eater. Still, Slytherin House seems to have attracted more evil wizards than any other house, including Voldemort himself and almost all of his supporters. However, Slytherin itself is not evil; it is just that having ambition as a core quality results in a disproportionate amount of self-important, competitive students. There are some good Slytherins such as Slughorn, and Snape (although his loyalties are unclear until the Deathly Hallows).
The Sorting Hat claims that blood purity is a factor in selecting Slytherins, although this is not mentioned until the fifth book. There is no reason to believe, however, that Muggle-born students are not sorted there, merely that pure-blooded students are more desirable to that house, as there are several examples of half-bloods in the house. In Deathly Hallows, a group of Snatchers claim that "not many Mudbloods" are sorted into Slytherin, which suggests that while Muggle-born Slytherins may be uncommon, they are not unknown.
When believing Harry to be dead and thinking that he has final victory in his grasp, Voldemort proclaims his intention to abolish the other three houses and force all Hogwarts students into Slytherin. This design is foiled by his defeat and death, after which Slytherin becomes more diluted in its blood purity, no longer remaining the pureblood bastion it once was. Its dark reputation, however, does linger.[16]
[edit]Terms and holidays

Hogwarts' school year is structured in a similar way to other 'non-magical' schools and colleges in the UK, with a three-term year punctuated by holidays at Christmas and Easter and bounded by the long summer holiday of nine weeks. Term begins every year on 1 September, and finishes at the end of June the following year. Students have the option of staying at Hogwarts for the winter and spring holidays. Those who choose to stay at the castle do not have lessons and attend a feast on Christmas Day. Students also do not have classes the week of Easter, but this is much less enjoyable due to the large amount of work that the teachers assign students at this time in preparation for final exams.
Other than the aforementioned breaks, and weekends, students do not receive any other holidays. There are normally four feasts per year, the start-of-term feast at the beginning of the school year and end-of-term feast at the end of the school year, as well as feasts at Halloween and Christmas. Feasts are also called to mark any special occasions, as in Goblet of Fire, when there was a feast to celebrate the beginning of the Triwizard Tournament.
[edit]Subjects and teachers

Further information: Hogwarts staff
Throughout the series, numerous lessons are described, instructing the students in various branches of magic. There are twelve named teachers (each referred to as Professor), each specialising in a single subject. Transfiguration, Defence Against the Dark Arts, Charms, Potions, Astronomy, History of Magic, and Herbology are compulsory subjects for the first five years. At the end of their second year, students are required to add at least two optative subjects to their syllabus for the start of the third year. The five choices available are Arithmancy, Ancient Runes, Divination, Care of Magical Creatures, and Muggle Studies.
[edit]Transfiguration
Transfiguration is essentially the art of changing the properties of an object.[18] Transfiguration is a theory-based subject, including topics such as "Switching Spells" (altering only a part of some object, such as giving a human rabbit's ears); Vanishing Spells (causing an object to completely disappear);[OP Ch.13] and Conjuring Spells (creating objects out of thin air).[OP Ch.13] It is possible to change inanimate objects into animate ones and vice versa — McGonagall transfigures her desk into a pig in Philosopher's Stone.[PS Ch.8]
[edit]Defence Against the Dark Arts
Commonly shortened to D.A.D.A.,[19] this class teaches defensive techniques to block spells, charms, curses, hexes and jinxes cast by other wizards, counteract the Dark Arts, and to be protected from Dark creatures.
The subject has an extraordinarily high turnover of staff members — throughout the series no Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher has remained at Hogwarts for more than one school year. It is suggested by Hagrid in Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets that "They're startin' ter think the job's jinxed. No one's lasted long for a while now." In Half-Blood Prince, Dumbledore suggests that Voldemort cursed the position because his application for it was rejected.[HBP Ch.20] The existence of the jinx was eventually confirmed by Rowling.[20] The position had also been coveted by Snape, but he was denied the position as well. Rowling explained that Dumbledore believed that teaching D.A.D.A would bring out Snape's worst side.[21] Snape was finally appointed D.A.D.A. professor in Half-Blood Prince. Rowling announced in an interview that once Voldemort had died, the jinx he placed on the office was lifted and a permanent professor had been teaching the subject between the end of Deathly Hallows and the epilogue, set nineteen years afterwards. Furthermore, she imagines that Harry Potter occasionally comes to the class to give lectures on the subject.[22]
[edit]Charms
If Transfiguration involves changing the properties of an object, Rowling has described Charms as a type of magic spell concerned with giving an object new and unexpected properties.[18] Charms classes are described as notoriously noisy and chaotic, as the lessons are largely practical.[OP Ch.18] Many of the exposition sequences in the books are set in Charms classes, which are on the second floor of Hogwarts.
[edit]Potions
Potions is described as the art of creating mixtures with magical effects. It requires the correct mixing and stirring of ingredients at the right times and temperatures. It is most common to the English subject Chemistry, but with a more sinister twist. As to the question of whether a Muggle could brew a potion, given the correct magical ingredients, Rowling has said, "Potions seems, on the face of it, to be the most Muggle-friendly subject. But there does come a point in which you need do more than stir."[23] Snape's lessons are depicted as unhappy, oppressing times set in a gloomy dungeon in the basement of the castle.
[edit]Astronomy
Astronomy is the only field of study at Hogwarts which has a direct equivalent in the Muggle world. Astronomy classes take place in the Astronomy Tower, the tallest tower in Hogwarts. Lessons involve observations of the night skies with telescopes. No Astronomy lesson, or even a fragment of one, is ever depicted in the books or movies. However, Rowling does describe one of Harry's Astronomy exams in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix. Known student homework activities include learning the names of stars, constellations and planets, as well as their location and movements, and describing the environments of planets and moons.
[edit]History of Magic
The study of magical history. Cuthbert Binns' lessons are depicted as some of the most boring at Hogwarts. They are only theoretical, and a topic that seems to be covered often is Goblin Rebellions.
[edit]Herbology
The study of magical plants and how to take care of, utilise and/or combat them. There are at least three greenhouses described in the books, holding a variety of magical plants of varying degrees of lethality. Herbology is also the only subject in which Neville excels; it is explained in the epilogue to Deathly Hallows that he later becomes the Herbology teacher.
[edit]Arithmancy
Arithmancy is a branch of magic concerned with the magical properties of numbers. As this class is taken neither by Harry, nor by Ron, almost nothing is known about it. It is, however, a favourite subject of Hermione. Arithmancy is reportedly very difficult, as it requires memorizing or working with large number charts.
[edit]Ancient Runes
A mostly theoretical subject that studies the ancient runic scripts. It is studied by Hermione but not by Harry or Ron, so little else is known about this subject.
[edit]Divination
Divination is the art of predicting the future. Various methods are described, including tea leaves, fire omens, crystal balls, palmistry, cartomancy (including the reading of conventional playing cards and the tarot), astrology, and dream interpretations. Divination is described as "one of the most imprecise branches of magic".[PA Ch.6] Supporters of the subject claim that it is an inexact science that requires innate gifts. Those opposed claim that the subject is irrelevant and fraudulent.
[edit]Care of Magical Creatures
This subject instructs students about and how to care for magical beasts. Classes are held outside the castle. Although very experienced and knowledgeable of magical creatures, Hagrid's lessons are usually depicted as chaotic if not outright dangerous,[PA Ch.6][GF Ch.13] as Hagrid is consistently unable to judge accurately the level of risk that the animals he uses in his lessons pose to his students.
[edit]Muggle Studies
This course involves the study of Muggles "from a wizarding point of view". There is apparently a need for witches and wizards to learn about Muggle ways and means, if only to ensure they are able to avoid them or blend in. As the class is only mentioned as being taken by Hermione, and for just one year, little is known about its curriculum. In the opening chapter of the final book, Voldemort murders Professor Charity Burbage because she portrays Muggles in a positive light and is opposed to limiting wizardry to only people of pure-blood origins. For the remainder of the academic year covered by Deathly Hallows, the Death Eater Alecto Carrow teaches Muggle Studies. However, her "lessons" (which are made compulsory) mainly describe Muggles and Muggle-borns as subhuman and worthy of persecution.
[edit]Flying
The use of enchanted broomsticks is taught to first years only in Hogwarts' only physical-education class. Only one flying lesson is depicted in the series (in Philosopher's Stone).
[edit]Apparition
Apparition, the art of magically disappearing from one place and reappearing in another, requires a license and may only be legally performed by people over seventeen years of age. The described reason for the restriction is that Apparition is dangerous if done improperly: body parts can be left behind in an unfortunate side-effect known as "splinching." Although, as Hermione points out innumerable times throughout the series, magical enchantments on Hogwarts castle and grounds prohibit Apparition and Disapparition inside the castle, it is explained in Half-Blood Prince that these protections are temporarily relaxed within the Great Hall for short periods to permit students to practice Apparition. Wilkie Twycross, a "Ministry of Magic Apparition Instructor" offers lessons in Apparition in Half-Blood Prince.[HBP Ch.17]
[edit]Grading and assessment

During their first four years, students need only to pass each of their subjects before advancing to the next level the following year. Regular exams and lessons usually seem to be graded on a numerical scale from 0 to 100, even though Hermione is known to have received 112% in Charms in Philosopher's Stone, and 320% in Prisoner of Azkaban in Muggle Studies. If students fail in their year, they need to repeat it in the following school year. To qualify as a registered practitioner of magic, students must study for the compulsory Ordinary Wizarding Level (O.W.L.) examinations taken at the end of the fifth year. If a student scores well enough on an O.W.L., he/she may take advanced classes in that subject for the final two years in preparation for the Nastily Exhausting Wizarding Tests (N.E.W.T.), an in-depth examination given at the end of the seventh year. In general, a U.K. student takes only three or four A-Level subjects and exams, just as a typical Hogwarts student takes only three or four N.E.W.T.-level subjects.
Subjects are graded on the following scale:
Passing Grades
O = Outstanding
E = Exceeds Expectations
A = Acceptable
Failing Grades
P = Poor
D = Dreadful
T = Troll
The O.W.L.s roughly corresponds to the General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE), and the N.E.W.T.s to the A-level examinations used in the English, Welsh and Northern Ireland secondary school system. In order to proceed to a N.E.W.T., a student usually needs to have achieved at least an E in the O.W.L. of the same subject, although some professors (e.g. Professor Snape) insist upon a grade of O. Students who fail in their exams or who do not achieve high enough grades do not continue with the subject in their sixth and seventh years.[HP6]
At the end of their fifth year, students speak briefly with their head of house to decide which classes to continue in depending on their O.W.L. scores and their goals after school. The classes they decide to continue are considerably more advanced. Because they dropped one or more classes, students in their sixth and seventh year may get several class sessions off per week. The heavy workload that each of these classes require means that students usually spend these times studying and doing homework. At the end of their seventh and final year, students take the N.E.W.T. exams, which test what the student has learned over the past two years. Many professions require high grades in these tests, meaning that students must work very hard to ensure that they pass.
[edit]Student life

The day begins at Hogwarts with breakfast in the Great Hall. Students sit at their own House table and can eat as well as socialise, or finish homework. The headmaster eats with the professors at the High Table placed at the far end of the hall. During breakfast, owls bring in the students' post, generally consisting of The Daily Prophet, letters from parents or friends, or packages from home. A bell signals the start of the first class of the morning at 9 a.m.
There are two long morning classes with a short break in between them for students to get to their next class. After lunch classes resume at 1 p.m., and there is a break around afternoon teatime before another class period. The classes are about forty-five minutes in length, and the classes end around five o' clock. First year students sometimes get Friday afternoons off. In the evening, students eat their dinner in the Great Hall, after which they are expected to be in their common rooms.
The four House dormitories have secret entrances known only to members of that house and require a password (with the exception of the entrance to the Ravenclaw dormitory, where one is required to correctly answer a riddle) in order to gain entrance. Inside is the common room, which contains armchairs and sofas for the pupils, as well as tables for studying. There are fireplaces to keep the rooms warm, and students either relax here in the evenings or else complete their homework. There are notice boards in each common room too, as well as at other strategic points throughout the school. The students sleep in their House dormitories, which branch off from the common rooms. Each dormitory gets at least two rooms; one for boys and one for girls (an enchantment prevents boys from entering the girls' area, although there is no spell to prevent the reverse from occurring). Each student sleeps in a large four poster bed with bed covers and heavy curtains in the House colours, and thick white pillows. There is a bedside table for each bed, and each dormitory has a jug of water and glasses on a tray.
On designated weekends, Hogwarts students in their third year or higher, with a signed permission slip, are permitted to walk to the nearby wizarding village of Hogsmeade, where they can relax and enjoy the pubs, restaurants and shops. There appears to be a good relationship between the school and the village, and the students get on well with the locals. Favourite places in Hogsmeade include Honeydukes Sweetshop, Zonko's Joke Shop, clothing stores such as Gladrags Wizardwear, the Shrieking Shack, rumoured to be the most haunted building in Britain, and the pubs The Three Broomsticks, The Hog's Head and Madam Puddifoot's.
[edit]Food
The house-elves at Hogwarts are skilled chefs, and cook a wide variety of dishes for every meal. The various dishes are prepared in the kitchens directly below the Great Hall and, at meal times, magically transported up so that they appear served for the students. Many of the dishes still eaten at Hogwarts were derived from the spells of House Founder Helga Hufflepuff. Hogwarts food is typically British, although the school sometimes makes exceptions (during the Triwizard Tournament, foreign dishes, such as bouillabaisse, were served in honor of the visiting schools). The usual drinks (apart from water) are milk, tea, coffee, orange juice, and pumpkin juice. Butterbeer was only once served at the school during the Yule Ball.
[edit]Discipline
Apart from losing points from a house, serious misdeeds at Hogwarts are punishable by detention.
According to the school caretaker, Argus Filch, detention meant subjection to various forms of torture until relatively recently. Arthur Weasley claimed still to bear physical scars inflicted by Apollyon Pringle, Filch's predecessor. In present times however, detention usually involves assisting staff or faculty with tedious tasks. Examples of detention include the one imposed on Harry by Umbridge in Order of the Phoenix. In this case, Harry was forced to write, "I must not tell lies" repeatedly using a magical quill which then carves what is written into the back of the writer's hand. However, this cruel punishment is never used by sensible teachers at the school. In another case, when Harry was caught using the Sectumsempra curse on Malfoy by Snape, he was forced to go through over a thousand boxes of files describing wrongdoers at Hogwarts and their punishments. Harry was supposed to order them in alphabetical order, and rewrite the cards whose words are hard to see or otherwise damaged.
For even more serious offences, students may be expelled from Hogwarts. Harry comes under threat of expulsion by the Ministry at the beginning of his fifth year at Hogwarts after he is detected using magic in the presence of Muggles, a serious offence among the wizarding community. Dumbledore argued in Harry's defence, stating that besides the fact that it was done in self-defence, the Ministry has no authority to expel students – such powers are invested in the Headmaster and the Board of Governors. Snape has attempted to have Harry expelled, and he attempted to have Harry's father, James Potter, expelled when they were at Hogwarts together. The only student known to have actually been expelled is Hagrid, for possessing an acromantula believed to be the Monster of Slytherin, and for opening the Chamber of Secrets – a crime for which Tom Riddle had actually framed him.
Professors seem to be able to punish students with relative impunity and can hand out detention, even for unsatisfactory grades. Enforcement of rules outside of class mainly falls to the caretaker, with the assistance of the prefects. A student's Head of House usually has the final say in disciplinary matters.
In the summer before their fifth year, two fifth year students from each House are picked to be prefects, which grants them extra privileges and responsibilities (e.g. using the prefect's bathroom, controlling younger students)[24] and disciplinary responsibilities; they remain Prefects, unless appointed Head Boy or Girl or stripped of their position, for the rest of their school career. There are four to six prefects per house, all from the fifth, sixth and seventh year students: if one of them has been appointed Head Boy or Head Girl, they are not replaced as Prefects. The leaders of the student body, the Head Boy and Head Girl, are drawn from the seventh year students. A student may be chosen as Head without first being a Prefect as according to Hagrid, James was Head Boy although he was not a Prefect. Prefects have the authority to deduct points from students of their own house for infractions, though they cannot take points from fellow prefects. They may also give detentions. Quidditch house captains are given some of the same privileges as prefects, such as the Prefect's bathroom.[HP6]
The only known cause for being suspended from Hogwarts is mentioned in passing by Snape in Prisoner of Azkaban. He tells Harry, Ron, and Hermione that they are in enough trouble and facing suspension for being out of bounds while they are in the Shrieking Shack.
It is implied towards the end of Philosopher's Stone, that pupils might be "thrown out" for exceptionally poor examination results at the end of their first year, although this may be an exaggeration of Hermione. The particularly thuggish Gregory Goyle was fortunate to avoid this fate during Harry Potter's first year. The punishment would seem to imply that the pupil has insufficient intelligence or magical ability to become a wizard or witch. What subsequently happens to those thrown out is not explained.
[edit]Secrets of Hogwarts

Hogwarts is home to many secret locations and passages.
[edit]The hiding place of the Philosopher's Stone
Accessed by entering a trapdoor in the forbidden corridor on the third floor, and protected by a gauntlet of seven magical challenges set up by the teachers.
A giant three-headed dog named Fluffy placed specially to guard the trapdoor by Hagrid.
A massive Devil's Snare, grown by Sprout.
A room containing dozens of keys, charmed by Flitwick to sprout wings and fly near the ceiling. One of these keys will unlock the door to the next section. However, in the film adaptation, the keys attack the seeker of the Stone.
A large chessboard with an army of large chessmen, transfigured by McGonagall. To proceed to the door on the opposite side, the person in question must beat the chessmen at a game of wizards’ chess where the player must risk his life if he loses. Ron and Professor Quirrell are the only wizards to win the game of wizards’ chess.
A room with a large troll inside. This is presumably Quirrell's challenge. In the book, Quirrell had knocked out his own troll to get to the last room and thus the trio did not have to fight it; in the movie, it does not appear, but it appears in the PlayStation One version of the game.
A series of potions, brewed by Snape. A logical riddle, not magic, has to be solved. There are two doors, blocked by fire. One potion will allow the person to exit the way he/she arrived, another will allow him/her to proceed to the next chamber, two are nettle wine, the other three are poison. This challenge does not appear in the film, but does in the video game adaptation.
The Mirror of Erised can be found in the final chamber, further enchanted by Dumbledore to bestow the The Philosopher's Stone upon a seeker only hoping to acquire the stone but not use it for selfish means.
[edit]Chamber of Secrets


The Chamber of Secrets as seen in the second film
The Chamber of Secrets, which is deep under the dungeons,[CS Ch.16] was home to an ancient Basilisk, intended to be used to purge the school of Muggle-born students. Salazar Slytherin, one of the founders of Hogwarts, built the Chamber before he left the school.
The Chamber is well hidden and the entrance is in Moaning Myrtle's bathroom on the second floor, which leads down into a dark, slimy stone tunnel. There are many skeletons of small animals littering the floor and even a gigantic skin shed by the Basilisk. The tunnel leads to a solid wall, carved with two entwined serpents with emeralds for eyes.[CS Ch.16] When Parseltongue is spoken they open into a very long, dim corridor, lined with monumental statues of snakes, including two towering stone pillars with more carved serpents that brace the ceiling. A colossal statue of Salazar Slytherin, looking ancient and monkey-like, is at the centre. The Basilisk rested inside the statue and emerged from its mouth when the Heir of Slytherin, Tom Riddle, summoned it.[CS Ch.17] In his second year at Hogwarts, Harry uses Parseltongue to open the chamber and destroys the diary containing the embodied memory of a 16-year old Tom Riddle from his own days at Hogwarts. It is later revealed that the diary was a Horcrux. In Deathly Hallows, Ron and Hermione enter the Chamber. Ron opens the door (despite not speaking Parseltongue) by imitating sounds he heard Harry use to open Slytherin's locket. They find a basilisk fang to use to destroy the Horcrux made from Helga Hufflepuff's cup.
Moaning Myrtle's bathroom contains the entrance to the Chamber of Secrets. The entrance is a sink with a snake scratched onto the tap, opened by speaking in Parseltongue. This causes the sink to open into a pipe large enough for a person to slide down. At the bottom of this chute is a tunnel leading to the Chamber of Secrets. When Tom Riddle opened the Chamber, Myrtle was sulking in a stall. When she heard him, she opened the door, saw the Basilisk, and died immediately, becoming a ghost.[CS Ch.16] Her bathroom remains operational, but is rarely used by students because of Myrtle's disagreeable presence and her habit of flooding it when she is distraught.
[edit]Passages
There are nine known secret passages in and out of the school. Filch knows just four of these, though where they lead is unknown. The other five are:
A passage beneath the Whomping Willow, leading to the Shrieking Shack.
A passage behind a mirror on the fourth floor, which is caved in. It leads to Hogsmeade, but where in Hogsmeade it leads to is unknown. Sirius mentions in book five that it is large enough for an organisation.
A passage beneath a one-eyed witch statue by the stairs to the Defence Against the Dark Arts, leading to the cellar of Honeydukes. Speaking aloud the word ‘Dissendium’ to the witch accesses this passage, the hump on the statue then opens and reveals the hidden passageway.
A link between two vanishing cabinets, one in the school and the other in Borgin and Burkes in Knockturn Alley. This link presumably worked until Chamber of Secrets when Peeves (persuaded by Nearly Headless Nick) smashed the Hogwarts cabinet. The passage was reopened in Half-Blood Prince when Draco Malfoy fixed the cabinet. This passage is not shown on the Marauder's Map.
A passage in the Room of Requirement, leading to the Hog's Head bar, however due to the nature of the Room of Requirement, it is possible that several passages to different locations could be accessed from it. This passage is created in Deathly Hallows and is therefore not shown on the Marauder's Map.
[edit]Room of Requirement
Located on the seventh floor opposite an enormous tapestry depicting Barnabas the Barmy attempting to train trolls for the ballet, the Room of Requirement appears only when someone is in need of it. To make it appear, one must walk past its hidden entrance three times while concentrating on what is needed. The room will then appear, outfitted with whatever is required. To the Hogwarts house-elves it is also known as the Come and Go Room.
Dumbledore was first to mention the room, noting that he discovered it at five-thirty in the morning, filled with chamber pots when he was trying to find a toilet. However, Dumbledore did not appear to know the Room's specific secrets. Dobby later told Harry of the Room in detail and admitted to frequently bringing Winky to the room to cure her bouts of Butterbeer-induced drunkenness, finding it full of antidotes and a "nice elf-sized bed". Filch was said to find cleaning supplies here when he had run out; when Fred and George Weasley needed a place to hide, it would appear in the form of a broom cupboard. Trelawney also makes a habit of using it to hide her empty sherry bottles after she is sacked in Order of the Phoenix. It would seem that when one wishes to hide something it produces the same room for everyone: the Room of Hidden Things, which is full of many centuries worth of abandoned objects, such as broken furniture, books, and possessions, which were presumably forgotten by their owners.
Harry learned of the room's abilities from Dobby, finding it the perfect location for his Dumbledore's Army meetings, during which it would be filled with bookcases full of Defence Against the Dark Arts volumes, many different kinds of Dark Detectors, and a plethora of floor cushions for practicing defensive spells. When the D.A. was betrayed, the room provided Pansy Parkinson with the list of members of the organisation. In Half-Blood Prince Harry used the Room of Hidden Things to stash his copy of Advanced Potion-Making, describing it as the size of a large cathedral and packed to overflowing with items hidden by Hogwarts inhabitants over the years, such as old potions, clothing, ruined furniture, an old tiara (which happened to be one of Voldemort's Horcruxes), or books which were "no doubt banned or graffitied or stolen". He later realised that Draco had been using the room in that same state to hide and repair the Vanishing Cabinet in order to use it to smuggle Death Eaters into Hogwarts.
In Deathly Hallows, the students who need a place to hide from the Carrows, two Death Eater professors, use the room. It is also revealed that the Room of Requirement's current version can change while still occupied, though should a completely different version be required (e.g. the Room of Hidden Things instead of DA Headquarters) the room must be empty. The Room can also answer to the desire of the wizard within the room, such as providing Harry with a whistle when he needed one during a Dumbledore's Army meeting, or creating a passage to the Hog's Head (as the room cannot produce food). Later, Ravenclaw's diadem is found to be one of Voldemort's Horcruxes and has been hidden in the Room of Hidden Things by Voldemort himself. Harry, Ron, and Hermione enter the Room, with Harry knowing that he must look for a place to hide things, and find the tiara; but they are ambushed by Draco, Crabbe and Goyle. The diadem is finally destroyed when Crabbe fills this version of the Room with what Hermione believes to have been Fiendfyre; a particularly destructive magical fire. It is not known if the room continues to function after the events of Deathly Hallows; Ron expresses concern that it may have been ruined in all of its forms by the cursed fire.
[edit]Forbidden Forest
The Forbidden Forest is a large, dark forest in the boundaries of the school grounds. It is usually referred to simply as "the Forest" and in the film series as the "Dark Forest". It is strictly forbidden to all students, except during Care of Magical Creatures lessons and, on rare occasions, detentions.
Among the plant species within the Forest are trees such as beech, oak, pine, sycamore, and yew, as well as undergrowth including knotgrass and thorns. Though the Forest is vastly dense and wild, there are a few paths and clearings. Hagrid, who frequently travels into the Forest for various reasons mostly makes these trails. The Forest is also home to an assortment of creatures. The following is an (incomplete) list of beasts that inhabit the forest:[25]
A herd of at least 50 Centaurs, including Bane, Magorian, Ronan, and Firenze.
A colony of Acromantulas, Aragog and his family, which may have been wiped out by Death Eaters.
Unicorns
Thestrals
Bowtruckles
Fluffy, a three-headed dog who was released into the forest after the events of Philosopher's Stone.[26]
Grawp, a "small" giant, lived in the Forest during Order of the Phoenix. Dumbledore later arranged for him to move up to the mountains surrounding Hogwarts and live in a big cave, where he is "much happier than he was in the Forest"
[edit]The Hogwarts Express



The Hogwarts Express, as seen in the film adaptation of the first book.
The Hogwarts Express is a magical intercity train that carries students between London and Hogsmeade. The train starts from King's Cross railway station Platform 9¾ and goes non-stop to Hogsmeade rail station. Prefects of the school ride in a separate carriage near the front of the train. The compartments on the train appear to be lettered; in Half-Blood Prince, the "Slug Club" meet in compartment C. In Philosopher's Stone, Harry meets his two best friends, Ron and Hermione, on his first ride on the Hogwarts Express. In the books, he has been on the train ten times: twice each in the first, third, fourth, and fifth books, and once each in the second (in which he and Ron arrive instead in a flying car) and the sixth (which ends before Harry leaves Hogwarts).
The steam engine used in the film adaptations is the GWR 4900 Class 5972 Olton Hall, but it was not the first real locomotive to be disguised as the Hogwarts Express. To promote the books, the Southern Railway locomotive Taw Valley was repainted and renamed temporarily, but was rejected by Chris Columbus as looking ‘too modern’ for the film. Filming locations for the Hogwarts Express sequences include Goathland on the North Yorkshire Moors Railway, Kings Cross railway station and the route of the Jacobite Express which follows the West Highland Line to Mallaig in Scotland, as it crosses the Glenfinnan Viaduct.[27]
Several model trains have been made of the Hogwarts Express. An 00 gauge is produced by Hornby, though this is of a Castle Class locomotive rather than the Hall Class used in the films. A three-rail H0 gauge model is produced by Märklin, and a two-rail H0/00 was produced in the early 2000s by Bachmann. Several now-discontinued L gauge models have been produced by LEGO.[28] Lionel has released an O gauge set in their 2007 catalogue, as well as a G gauge set for 2008.
[edit]Battle of Hogwarts

Battle of Hogwarts
Depictions
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows
Canon information
Date 2 May, 1998[29]
Location Hogwarts
Result Victory for the Order of the Phoenix. Final defeat of Lord Voldemort.
Combatants
Order of the Phoenix
Hogwarts staff
Dumbledore's Army Death Eaters
Commanders
Harry Potter
Minerva McGonagall Lord Voldemort †
Strength
Several hundred wizards and witches[30]
Several magical creatures[31] Unknown number of Death Eaters
100+ Dementors
A colony of Acromantulas
2 giants
Casualties
Severus Snape
Fred Weasley
Remus Lupin
Nymphadora Tonks
Colin Creevey
50 others Lord Voldemort
Bellatrix Lestrange
Vincent Crabbe
Others
The Battle of Hogwarts is the climatic battle between several members of the Order of the Phoenix, the Hogwarts staff, Dumbledore's Army and other allies against the Death Eaters, that culminates with the final confrontation between Harry Potter and Lord Voldemort. The battle takes its name from the thirty-first chapter of the final book of the series, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, though it lasts for the rest of the novel until the epilogue.
After almost a year of absence, Harry, Ron and Hermione return to Hogwarts as the castle is a hiding place of one of the Horcruxes of Voldemort: Rowena Ravenclaw's diadem. Knowing that Harry is hunting down his Horcruxes, Voldemort orders Alecto and Amycus Carrow to wait for the boy in Ravenclaw tower. The Carrows are overpowered by Harry, McGonagall and Luna, though not before informing Voldemort of Harry's presence. Harry alerts McGonagall of Voldemort's imminent attack on Hogwarts. The Transfiguration professor summons the other heads of house and drive Snape out of the school, as he is acting as headmaster under Voldemort's regime. The teachers then proceed to protect the castle. Voldemort gathers a large army and launches an attack on Hogwarts.
[edit]First act
The chapter entitled "The Battle of Hogwarts" begins with the younger students being evacuated by caretaker Filch and Madam Pomfrey, while those who are of age and want to fight are allowed to stay. Voldemort gives an ultimatum to defenders of Hogwarts: to give him Harry before midnight and none of them would be harmed. Groups of defenders are taken by professors McGonagall, Flitwick and Sprout to the castle's highest towers (Gryffindor, Ravenclaw and Astronomy). Some others are taken into the grounds by Remus Lupin, Arthur Weasley and Kingsley Shacklebolt, and defence of the school passages is led by Fred and George.
With the help of the Grey Lady, Harry learns more about the diadem, and then he deduces that it is hidden in the Room of Requirement. The battle begins at midnight as Harry goes to the room with Ron and Hermione. The trio meet Draco, Crabbe and Goyle inside the room, and after several attempts to kill Harry and his friends, Crabbe accidentally destroys the room, and by extension the Horcrux, by conjuring Fiendfyre. The trio save Draco's and Goyle's lives, but Crabbe is killed by his own spell. After all of them get out of the room, it becomes evident that the Death Eaters have penetrated Hogwarts as Fred and Percy Weasley are seen dueling a Death Eater and Minister Pius Thicknesse respectively. After bringing the two men down, an explosion kills Fred. A moment later, a group of Acromantulas climb through a hole caused by the explosion, but Harry and Ron manage to drive them away.
Hermione asks Harry to look inside Voldemort's mind so that they can know his location and also Nagini's, his pet snake and the last Horcrux. After discovering that Voldemort is in the Shrieking Shack rather than fighting in the fray, the trio begin a way down through the castle, in which a wider overview of the whole battle is presented. Once the trio reach the entrance hall, the defenders of Hogwarts and the Death Eaters are dueling all over the place until a group of Acromantulas break into the castle, causing both sides to shoot curses against them. Hagrid comes in defence of the Acromantulas, but he is captured by the spiders themselves. This forces the trio to get out of the castle but they are met by Dementors and giants. As Grawp confronts a giant, the trio is saved from the Dementors by Luna, Seamus Finnigan and Ernie Macmillan. The trio reaches the Shrieking Shack just in time to see Voldemort killing Snape, as the Dark Lord believes Snape is the true master of the Elder Wand. Voldemort then calls for a ceasefire and demands Harry give himself up.
A dying Snape passes his last memories to Harry so that the boy can see them in the Pensieve. These memories reveal the truth about Snape's true allegiance as well as the fact that Harry needs to die in order to finish Voldemort because he has a piece of Voldemort's soul inside his body. By that time, it is stated that the castle has received severe damage, and that the defenders of Hogwarts have suffered heavy loses, including both Lupin and Nymphadora Tonks, who have been killed in battle. Rowling explained in a webchat that the couple was killed by Antonin Dolohov and Bellatrix Lestrange respectively.[16] Harry also glimpses Neville and Oliver Wood carrying the dead body of Colin Creevey. Harry finally meets Voldemort in the Forbidden Forest, who casts the Killing Curse on Harry.
[edit]Second act
The battle recommences in the last chapter of the book, "The Flaw in the Plan". Rather than dying, Harry appears in a limbo-like place and meets Dumbledore's spirit. After learning from Dumbledore the fact that Harry cannot die while Voldemort lives as the Dark Lord used Harry's blood in his resurrection ritual,[32] Harry returns to life but feigns death. Voldemort orders Narcissa Malfoy to check whether Harry is dead or not. Narcissa discovers that Harry is alive, but realising that she can only return to Hogwarts to look for her son Draco as part of a "conquering army", she lies to Voldemort and tells him that Harry is dead. Voldemort then orders a captive Hagrid to carry Harry's body back to the castle. During the way out of the Forbidden Forest, Hagrid addresses the centaurs and reproaches their indifference to the war against Voldemort.
The procession arrives to the school grounds and Voldemort announces Harry's death, demanding the defenders of Hogwarts to surrender. Neville defies Voldemort, and the Dark Lord responds by binding the boy, placing the Sorting Hat on his head, and setting it on fire. The scene is interrupted by the arrival of reinforcements that turn the tide of the battle in favour of the Order of the Phoenix: the centaurs join the battle by shooting arrows against the Death Eaters, Buckbeak the hippogriff leads the Thestrals against Voldemort's giants as Grawp punches them, and Slughorn arrives with shopkeepers and homeowners of Hogsmeade, the families and friends of every student that remained to fight, and also some Slytherin students.[33] In the reigning chaos, Harry conceals himself beneath his Cloak of Invisibility, and Neville breaks free from the Body-Bind Curse just in time to draw the Sword of Gryffindor from the Sorting Hat to decapitate Nagini. As the battle continues inside the castle, Kreacher appears leading the house-elves to fight in the names of his masters: Harry and Regulus Black.
Almost all Death Eaters are defeated or are seen trying to escape until only Voldemort and Bellatrix are left. Voldemort duels McGonagall, Kingsley and Slughorn, while Bellatrix does the same with Hermione, Ginny and Luna. After attempting to strike Ginny with a Killing Curse, Bellatrix is then confronted and eventually killed by Molly Weasley. This is immediately followed by Harry's reappearance and his final confrontation with Voldemort. After Harry reveals himself as the true master of the Elder Wand, Voldemort proceeds to attack him with a Killing Curse, and Harry responds by using Expelliarmus, his signature spell. The two spells collide, but the Elder Wand, refusing to kill its true master, flies from Voldemort's hand and the Killing Curse rebounds on him. The death of Voldemort marks the end of the battle and, by extension, the end of the Second Wizarding War and Voldemort's reign of terror over the wizarding world.
[edit]References

^ a b "Online chat transcript". Scholastic. 2000-02-03.
^ Cleave, Maureen (1999-07-03). "Wizard with Words, Telegraph Magazine, 3 July 1999". Retrieved on 2008-09-05.
^ Anelli, Melissa, John Noe, Sue Upton. PotterCast 130: The One with J.K. Rowling Podcast accessed on 2007-12-18.
^ 1999: Accio Quote!, the largest archive of J.K. Rowling interviews on the web
^ 2001: Accio Quote!, the largest archive of J.K. Rowling interviews on the web
^ Harry Potter School Outranks Loretto
^ "Hogwarts ... Logically it had to be set in a secluded place, and pretty soon I settled on Scotland in my mind." Fraser, L., An interview with J.K.Rowling, Mammoth, London, 2000. ISBN 0-7497-4394-8. pp 20–21.
^ "Happy ending, and that's for beginners". The Herald via AccioQuote!. 1997-06-24. Retrieved on 2007-10-05.
^ How do you remember everything from different books when you are still writing the HP series? from JKRowling.com.
^ "About the Books: transcript of J.K. Rowling's live interview on Scholastic.com". Scholastic. 2000-10-16.
^ "The Leaky Cauldron and MuggleNet interview Joanne Kathleen Rowling: Part Two". The Leaky Cauldron. 16 July 2005.
^ 2007: Accio Quote!, the Largest Archive of J.K. Rowling quotes on the web
^ [1] accio-quote.org.
^ We haven't heard the school song since the first book. Did the teachers rebel against it? jkrowling.com.
^ Judith Inggshttp (May 2003). "From Harry to Garri: Strategies for the Transfer of Culture and Ideology in Russian Translations of Two English Fantasy Stories". Meta Translators' Journal 48 (1-2 Traduction pour les enfants / Translation for children): 285-297.
^ a b c J.K. Rowling Web Chat Transcript - The Leaky Cauldron
^ The Leaky Cauldron and Mugglenet interview Joanne Kathleen Rowling: Part Three accio-quote.org Retrieved on 04-17-08
^ a b 1998: Accio Quote!, the Largest Archive of J.K. Rowling quotes on the web
^ Rowling, J. K. (2005). "Silver and Opals". Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince. Bloomsbury. ISBN 0747581088.
^ 2007: Accio Quote!, the Largest Archive of J.K. Rowling quotes on the web
^ J.K. Rowling at the Royal Albert Hall 26 June 2003 (Accio Quote!, the largest archive of J.K. Rowling interviews on the web)
^ Brown, Jen (July 24, 2007). "Stop your sobbing! More Potter to come". TODAYShow.com (NBC). Retrieved on 2007-07-24.
^ 2006: Accio Quote!, the largest archive of J.K. Rowling interviews on the web
^ Rowling, Joanne, Can prefects take points or not? A prefect took points from Gryffindor in the Chamber of Secrets, and then there was a reference to prefects not being allowed to dock points. What are the rules?, retrieved on 2007-09-06
^ Rowling, J. K. (Newt Scamander; 2001). Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them (in English). London: Bloomsbury/New York City: Scholastic, et al. ISBN 0613325419.
^ 2001: Accio Quote!, the largest archive of J.K. Rowling interviews on the web
^ "Harry Potter Express". steamtrain.info. Retrieved on 2008-10-26.
^ set reference BrickLink Reference Catalog
^ Video clip of J.K. Rowling from the documentary J.K. Rowling: A Year in the Life
^ This includes the reinforcements that "sounded like hundreds of people" (HP7, chapter 36)
^ This includes the herd of centaurs, the herd of Thestrals, the Hogwarts ghosts, the Hogwarts House-elves, Peeves, Grawp and Buckbeak
^ Rowling, J. K. (2000). Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (in English). London: Bloomsbury/New York City: Scholastic, et al. UK ISBN 074754624X/U.S. ISBN 0439139597., chapter 32
^ JKR: A part of the final battle that made me smile was Slughorn galloping back with Slytherins. But they've gone off to get reinforcements first, you know what I'm saying? So yes, they came back, they came back to fight.
[edit]External links

Harry Potter portal
Hogwarts on Harry Potter Wiki, an external wiki
The Harry Potter Lexicon's Hogwarts Atlas featuring numerous images of Hogwarts
The Marauder's Map from the Warner Bros website
[hide]
v • d • e
The Harry Potter series by J. K. Rowling
Philosopher's Stone
Film • Game • Soundtrack
Chamber of Secrets
Film • Game • Soundtrack
Prisoner of Azkaban
Film • Game • Soundtrack
Goblet of Fire
Film • Game • Soundtrack
Order of the Phoenix
Film • Game • Soundtrack
Half-Blood Prince
Film • Game
Deathly Hallows
Films
Characters
Harry Potter · Ron Weasley · Hermione Granger · Lord Voldemort · Albus Dumbledore · Severus Snape · Rubeus Hagrid · Draco Malfoy · Hogwarts staff · Order of the Phoenix · Dumbledore's Army · Death Eaters · Supporting characters
Universe
Magic · Chronology · Places · Hogwarts · Ministry of Magic · Quidditch · Magical creatures · Muggle · Spells · Magical objects · Horcrux
Related
Film series · Cast members · Fandom · Influences and analogues · Legal disputes · Parodies · Politics · Religious debates · Translation
Spin-off canon
Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them · Quidditch Through the Ages · The Tales of Beedle the Bard · Prequel
Other games
Quidditch World Cup · Lego Harry Potter · Lego Creator: Harry Potter · Trading Card Game · Action figures
Categories: Harry Potter universe | Fictional locations in Scotland | Fictional castles and fortresses | Fictional magic schools